One or more parts taken from a system and intended to provide information on that system or on a subsystem or to provide a basis for a decision on either of these.
The system from which a SAMPLE is taken may be a subject of investigation or may itself be a SAMPLE. The SAMPLE is assumed to be representative of the system. The term specimen is sometimes used with the same meaning. The system may be human or non-human.
This class is also known by these names: